Insulin Resistance Syndrome – What It Is And Why It’s Dangerous
What is Insulin Resistance?
Insulin resistance, also known as metabolic syndrome, is a combination of health problems that would lead to an increased risk of high sugars or diabetes and heart disease.
In our normal body setting, when food is absorbed into our bloodstream, it’s in the form of sugars like glucose, fructose and other fundamental substances. If there’s a sugar increase in our bloodstream, the pancreas would automatically increase secretion of the hormone known as insulin. Its main role is to attach itself to cells and eliminate sugar from the bloodstream in order to use it as energy.
However, With insulin resistance, body cells have a decrease in their ability to respond to the insulin’s action. Hence, to make up for this lack of reaction, the pancreas secretes even more insulin to exert effort to have sugar moved from the bloodstream to the cells. As insulin resistance grows, the pancreas can’t keep up with the requirements. This leads to the rise of blood sugar, which already marks the start of type-2 diabetes.
What are its Risk Factors?
While some of the risk factors of insulin resistance are genetic or biochemical, it’s still good that there are also some which are brought about by the lifestyle we lead. We can’t do anything about the former but we can certainly do something about the latter.
1. Lifestyle – A diet that’s mostly fats and refined carbohydrates pave the way for insulin resistance to develop. Abdominal fat is especially one great risk factor because it’s been found to produce hormones that bring about insulin resistance.
2. Vitamin D – This vitamin contributes to insulin resistance as it plays a key role in glucose tolerance through its effects on secretion and sensitivity of insulin.
3. Polycysctic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) – While it remains to be linked to insulin resistance, it remains unknown as to whether it is its main cause or happens as part of the disease progress. The diseases known as Hypogonadism and Cushing’s Syndrome are also associated with insulin resistance.
4. Diabetes – With type 2 diabetes, high blood sugar levels set off high levels of insulin production, which consequently leads to decrease in the control of insulin receptors. This translates insulin resistance even with high insulin levels. High blood sugar is caused by high intake of carbohydrate.
What are its Signs and Symptoms?
1. Rise in Sugar Blood Levels – This may be bring about an increase in one’s thirst and hunger, cause frequent urination in large amounts as well as weight loss or weight gain.
2. Poor Mental Performance and Stamina – Because of insulin resistance or having to get up many times at night due to the need to urinate, a person may feel drowsy during the day. If a person eats a meal that’s particularly heavy in carbohydrates, the more sleepy he gets as well.
3. Weakness and Fatigue – Such feelings of tiredness are unexplainable too.
4. Overweight and Obesity – Eating a huge amount of carbohydrates can lead to insulin resistance. People having this condition are mostly overweight or obese. Weight gained due to insulin resistance is also hard to shed off because fats are usually stored around the belly organs.
5. Rise in Blood Pressure – If you are overweight or obese, having raised blood pressure is not a surprising after effect. The higher the blood pressure, the worse the insulin resistance.
6. Abnormal Cholesterol Levels – People with insulin resistance have cholesterol levels that are low in HDL (good cholesterol) and high in blood fat levels called triglycerides.
7. Heart Disease – Insulin resistance may result into Atherosclerosis (hardening of arteries) and increase the risk of blood clots.
8. Kidney Damage – If there’s protein in one’s urine, that is a symptom of kidney damage.
9. Dark Skin Patches – Dubbed as Acanthosis Nigricans, these are dark patches that may be visibly seen in certain parts of the body like the neck, armpits, elbows, knuckles or knees.
How is this Treated?
1. Weight Loss – If you’re overweight or obese, shedding off 5% to 7% of your weight can s delay or stop diabetes onset by as much as 60% and raise insulin sensitivity.
2. Regular Exercise – Doing so activates muscle cells that employ blood sugar for energy; thereby increasing insulin responsiveness. Perform moderate exercise for 30 minutes, 5 days in a week and that would already help you curb insulin resistance.
3. Balanced Diet – By this, we mean eating foods that have high fiber but low in glycemic index and carbohydrates. Likewise, your diet must also be low in both monounsaturated fatty acids and saturated fats because these can trigger insulin resistance. Instead, go for foods with omega-3 (polyunsaturated fatty acids) because they boost insulin sensitivity.
4. Medications – Mostly recommended to help improve insulin resistance are exenatide, metformin and a drug class known as thiazolidinediones. Note though that these medicines are approved to treat type 2 diabetes, not for just insulin resistance alone. By contrast, growth hormone replacement therapy can be given to insulin resistance patients who don’t have type diabetes yet.
5. Magnesium Supplements – Employed as a preventive measure of type 2 diabetes, it helps to improve insulin sensitivity and restore depleted magnesium levels, which in turn, boosts the uptake of glucose from the blood intervened by insulin.
6. Weight Management – one of the most effective ways to prevent the diabetes is to take your weight under full control. Despite there are hundreds of diet pills available that can help, it this case the best solution is Yacon Syrup, as you can use it as a natural sweetener and weight control supplement as well!
Thankfully, insulin resistance can still be treated and managed before it really becomes a full-blown case of diabetes. It’s important to be conscious of what your body is telling you and knowing the symptoms of the said condition so you can consult your doctor and take steps in treating it.
If anything, awareness is the key because by being so, you can take steps in correcting the condition you’re in.